Individual Paper: Brazilian perspectives on what a Degrowth inspired city might look like
Ecocities based around fractal like Municipalist networks
This paper explores what a city based around Degrowth ideas might look like and focuses on recent strategies being developed in the Brazilian city of Curitiba since 2007. Recognizing that “Modern cities are a product of the oil age”, this paper explores the Ecocity concept as a Post Carbon solution, based upon Creative Descent strategies. The paper traces Ecocity developments and concludes they must be solutions for all citizens, as opposed to more gated communities for the few. The paper offers an Ecocity strategy based on a scaling up of the work, values, methodology of the Global Ecovillage Network, which incorporates Municipalism as both a structure and process, looking at Bookchin’s communalist ideas to current realities in Barcelona and Rojava: A fractal like Ecocity network consisting of communities within communities; a confederation of clusters of ecological neighbourhoods, communicating with each other non-hierarchically, organizing both horizontally and vertically through local assemblies. Where any node within the structure is both local and global at all times. Recognizing that the Global South is where the largest urbanization shifts are currently underway on the planet, where great social challenges still exist, the paper turns to Curitiba. While seen as a leader in the area of ecologically based urbanism since the 1970s, the Ecologist magazine labelled it as The Greenest city on Earth in 2014, many feel since the 1990s the city has “rested on its laurels”. 50 years since Lefebvre’s call to the Right to the City, there are growing calls for Curitiba’s government to involve citizens more in the planning process, to increase “their democratic participation in the process of making the city”. Since new direct action focused movements in 2007, Curitiba has started to be transformed through Social Movements based on radical ecology, citizen participation, inclusivity and a vibrant cultural movement. In recent years these movements have matured, won many victories and started to occupy municipal institutions. The paper examines the victories of Cicloiguaçu and new community garden collectives and asks if an emerging open Municipalist platform might yet be able to radically transform the city into an Ecocity.
Start time: 14:30
Room: ABF (Lilla sallen)
Track: - Other - (fill submission note below)
- Related article, with images: FIXING THE CITY: CREATING ECOCITIES THROUGH CITIZEN PARTICIPATION