Individual Paper: A report presentation on the status of the implementation of the Forest Rights Act in India
The denial of land rights in the name of conservation policies
In the last two decades the expansion of Protected Areas in the South, with increased community displacement, has caused controversial conflicts between the local people, the state and the conservationist groups. Indeed, in the name of ‘greening’ and protecting the environment for the benefit of a global audience, a new ‘war for biodiversity’ has risen, with major impacts on the local communities, who have seen their land being converted to pristine areas, and the natural resources essential for their livelihood being denied to them. The paper aims at discussing the findings of a recent research carried out in India, based on understanding the status of the implementation of the Forest Righs Act (FRA) 2006, within the protected forest areas. The FRA, which recognizes the rights of the forest dwelling communities of India to the forest land and its resources and their management, is struggling to be implemented mostly within the protected reserved forest, registering a denial of rights legally recognized and an increasing number of communities being forcefully relocated from their traditional spaces. The presentation will discuss the continued violation of the different provisions of the Act; the impact of this denial on the communities and the struggles of the local people in asserting their rights; and the dangerous phenomenon of ‘green militarization’ as an anti-poaching measure.
Start time: 14:30
Room: ABF (209)
Track: Climate Change, Climate and Environmental Justice